IoT is central to innovation in agriculture because so much of precision farming rests on having highly accurate and specific information on the status of crops, livestock, and their environment. Without accurate data, other technologies like automation, machine learning and robotics become either redundant or at least far less effective than they could be. The IoT functions as the eyes and ears for all other technology in the era of digital transformation.
As an example, we can look at fish farms. The largest operational cost for these farms is the feed that they need to provide to maximise growth in their livestock. By placing sensors above and below the waterline in fish pens they can monitor water temperature, oxygen levels, and water currents. These three data sets are then analysed for the optimum time for feeding, minimising food wastage.