Shipping’s notorious ambivalence towards new technology is today characterised by a willingness by some to engage with predictive remote diagnostics, automated processes and blockchain, while others take regulatory compliance as their investment cue. Thus, shipping’s ‘conservatism’ is belied by the significant group of maritime respondents identified as IIoT ‘leaders’ in our research.

Some 34 per cent see themselves as having ‘fully deployed’ IIoT-based solutions, a proportion that puts maritime ahead of other industries such as agriculture, energy and mining. At the same time, maritime also finds a home for the group which represents the largest rump of IIoT ‘laggards’ compared with the other sectors we interviewed, despite the fact that IIoT technologies hold much promise for the sector.

HOW MATURE IS THE MARITIME SECTOR IN RELATION TO IIOT ADOPTION? (%)

Laggards
Starters
Progressives
Leaders

HOW MATURE IS THE MARITIME SECTOR IN RELATION TO IIOT ADOPTION? (%)

Laggards
Starters
Progressives
Leaders

Driving the ‘leaders’ is the need for ships to be more cost efficient, cleaner and safer than ever before, with 56 per cent of maritime respondents using or trialling smart asset monitoring. For the moment, fishing lags marginally behind commercial shipping, but the disparity may be short-lived: 57 per cent of the 33 fishing organisations polled envisage uptake over the next 24 months.

9%

of fishing respondents have fully deployed IIoT solutions

Driving the ‘leaders’ is the need for ships to be more cost efficient, cleaner and safer than ever before, with 56 per cent of maritime respondents using or trialling smart asset monitoring. For the moment, fishing lags marginally behind commercial shipping, but the disparity may be short-lived: 57 per cent of the 33 fishing organisations polled envisage uptake over the next 24 months.

WHICH OF THE BELOW STATEMENTS BEST DESCRIBES YOUR ORGANISATION'S CURRENT STATUS WHEN IT COMES TO DEPLOYING IIOT SOLUTIONS? (%)

34% We have deployed IIoT solutions
6% We are trialling IIoT solutions
18% We will deploy IIoT solutions within 12 months
15% We will deploy IIoT solutions within 18 months
27% We play to deploy IIoT solutions but this is longer than 18 months away

WHICH OF THE BELOW STATEMENTS BEST DESCRIBES YOUR ORGANISATION'S CURRENT STATUS WHEN IT COMES TO DEPLOYING IIOT SOLUTIONS? (%)

34% We have deployed IIoT solutions
6% We are trialling IIoT solutions
18% We will deploy IIoT solutions within 12 months
15% We will deploy IIoT solutions within 18 months
27% We play to deploy IIoT solutions but this is longer than 18 months away

Regulation is playing its part in driving uptake of IIoT in the sector. In shipping, restrictions on emissions are driving owners to monitor fuel consumption using electronic reporting: 47 per cent of respondents already use IIoT-based solutions to monitor fuel use, rising to 100 per cent by 2023. In fishing, the regulatory requirement comes from the need for fishers to demonstrate that catches are from sustainable sources.

Safety is also a key factor in IIoT-based solution adoption. Cutting marine insurance premiums was cited by 70 per cent of respondents as one of the most important drivers for adoption, for example. Again, 45 per cent of shipping respondents (excluding fishing) use wearable technology for tracking, while 39 per cent intend to do so within two years.

Indeed the 1.6 million seafarers working, resting and wanting to connect IIoT-based solutions from remote locations represent another variable peculiar to maritime: connectivity is a welfare issue within the Maritime Labour Convention and is also material to choosing an employer.

Today, 25 per cent of the maritime industry obtains health and safety benefits through IIoT solutions, while 56 per cent expect to do so in the future. Our research shows ‘health and safety’ as shipping’s second most commonly cited driver for adopting IIoT-based solutions

CURRENT AND PLANNED ADOPTION OF SPECIFIC IIOT APPLICATIONS (%)

Smart monitoring of assets
Employee tracking through wearables
Asset tracking and route optimisation
Wide area controls such as device management
Energy/fuel consumption monitoring
Business process automation
Smart security management
Monitoring product usage

CURRENT AND PLANNED ADOPTION OF SPECIFIC IIOT APPLICATIONS (%)

Smart monitoring of assets
Employee tracking through wearables
Asset tracking and route optimisation
Wide area controls such as device management
Energy/fuel consumption monitoring
Business process automation
Smart security management
Monitoring product usage

The maritime sector’s decade-long fixation with cost is also of central importance. Some 51 per cent of respondents say the potential to generate new revenues does not figure in their thinking when considering IIoT solutions, while 75 per cent have or expect to realise cost savings. One technology identified is IIoT-based route optimisation, which 57 per cent of owners are operating or trialling, rising to 66 per cent excluding fishing. Respondents suggest that IIoT-based solutions will yield greater automation (40 per cent), achieve greater productivity (80 per cent) and improve decision-making (81 per cent).

Restrictions on emissions are driving owners to monitor fuel consumption using electronic reporting

In the case of costs, expectations appear divided: while 33 per cent of maritime respondents believe that IIoT solutions will bring 10-20 per cent savings within five years, 14 per cent believe that – even then – they will bring no savings at all.

There are a number of reasons for this, not least struggles with skills, security and connectivity, which will need to be addressed if IIoT projects in the maritime sector are to realise their full potential.

70%

say cutting insurance premiums
is one of the most important
adoption drivers

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE RESEARCH, DOWNLOAD THE REPORT - INDUSTRIAL IOT ON LAND AND AT SEA: MARITIME

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